How did Hitler become chancellor in 1933?





I need some help with my History essay..In January 1933 Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.Explain why this happened.



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8 Answers to “How did Hitler become chancellor in 1933?”

  1. disthrone says:

    In the German election of 1932 the Nazis became the biggest party in the Reichstag (German Parliament). The German President, Hindenburg, did not want to appoint Hitler as Chancellor and appointed Von Papen instead. However the Nazi members on the Reichstag were unwilling to co-operate so Von Papen was unable to govern effectively.Von Papen was followed by a succession of Chancellors appointed by Hindenburg, all of whom were unable to pass anything through the Reichstag because of the stubborn Nazi officials.By 1933 Hindenburg was forced to relent. No-one he appointed could govern effectively and Germany was on the point of civil was because the people were supporting Hitler for Chancellor. Hindenburg had no other option but to appoint Hitler chancellor on 30th January 1933

  2. tabbert says:

    He was appointed by President Paul von Hindenburg at the request of the former Chancellor Von Papen. Hitler controlled the largest party in Germany, but not enough to form a Government. So a coalition Government was created between the Nazis and German centre right conservative parties. They appointed Hitler to try and stabalise the political situation, as Goverments were only lasting a matter of months, and they used him because they feared the KPD (German Communist Party) which was growing in support.

  3. cunningh says:

    Germany was a nation that in its history had little experience or interest in democracy. In Jan.1933, Hitler took the reins of a 14-yr-old German democratic republic which in the minds of many had long outlived its usefulness. By this time, the economic pressures of the Great Depression combined with the indecisive, self-serving nature of its elected politicians had brought government in Germany to a complete standstill. The people were without jobs, without food, quite afraid & desperate for relief.Now, the man who had spent his entire political career denouncing & attempting to destroy the Republic, was its leader. Around noon on Jan. 30, Hitler was sworn in.”I will employ my strength for the welfare of the German people, protect the Constitution and laws of the German people, conscientiously discharge the duties imposed on me, & conduct my affairs of office impartially & w/ justice to everyone.” – the oath taken by Adolf Hitler.But by this time, that oath had been repeatedly broken by previous chancellors out of desperation & also out of personal ambition. Chancellors Schleicher and Papen had seriously suggested to Hindenburg the idea of replacing the republic itself with military dictatorship to solve the crisis of political stagnation. He had turned them both down.When a teary-eyed Hitler emerged from the presidential palace as the new chancellor, he was cheered by Nazis and their supporters who believed in him, not the constitution or the republic. “We’ve done it!” Hitler shouted jubilantly to them. He was to preside over a cabinet that contained, including himself, only 3 Nazis out of 11 posts. Hermann Göring was Minister without Portfolio and Minister of the Interior of Prussia. Nazi, Wilhelm Frick, was Minister of the Interior. The small number of Nazis in the cabinet was planned to help keep Hitler in check.Franz von Papen was vice-chancellor. Hindenburg had promised him that Hitler would only be received in the office of the president if accompanied by Papen.This was another way to keep Hitler in check. In fact, Papen had every intention of using the conservative majority in the cabinet along with his own political skills to run the government himself.”Within two months we will have pushed Hitler so far in the corner that he’ll squeak,” Papen boasted to a political colleague. Papen and many non-Nazis thought having Hitler as chancellor was to their advantage. Conservative members of the former aristocratic ruling class desired an end to the republic and a return to an authoritarian government that would restore Germany to glory and bring back their old privileges. They wanted to go back to the days of the Kaiser. For them, putting Hitler in power was just the first step toward achieving that goal. They knew it was likely he would wreck the republic. Then once the republic was abolished, they could put in someone of their own choosing, perhaps even a descendant of the Kaiser.Big bankers and industrialists, including Krupp and I. G. Farben, had lobbied Hindenburg and schemed behind the scenes on behalf of Hitler because they were convinced he would be good for business. He promised to be for free enterprise and keep down Communism and the trade union movements. The military also placed its bet on Hitler, believing his repeated promises to tear up the Treaty of Versailles and expand the Army and bring back its former glory.They all had one thing in common – they underestimated Hitler.On the evening of January 30, just about every member of the SA and SS turned out in uniform to celebrate the new Führer-Chancellor, Adolf Hitler. Carrying torches and singing the Hörst Wessel song, they were cheered by thousands as they marched through the Brandenburg gate and along the Wilhelmstrasse to the presidential palace. Cops on the beat who used to give them trouble now wore swastika armbands and smiled at them. Everywhere was heard the rhythmic pounding beats of jackboots, drums and blaring military parade music. They saluted Hindenburg as he looked out from a window of the presidential palace. Then they waited at the chancellery for Hitler in a scene carefully staged by Joseph Goebbels. A sea of hand held burning torches cast flickering light on red and gold Nazi banners amid the slow beating of drums in anticipation of seeing the Führer. Men, women and children along with the SA and SS waited. He kept them waiting, letting the tension rise. All over Germany, people listened to this on the radio, waiting, and hearing the throngs calling for their Führer.When he appeared in the beam of a spotlight, Hitler was greeted with an outpouring of worshipful adulation unlike anything ever seen before in Germany. Bismark, Frederick the Great, the Kaiser, had not seen this.”Heil! Sieg Heil!,” (Hail! Hail Victory!) went the chorus of those who believed the hour of deliverance had come in the form of this man now gazing down at them.”By appointing Hitler Chancellor of the Reich you have handed over our sacred German Fathe

  4. Ottomanlike says:

    It is not easy to explain how Hilter becomechancellor in 1933 in a few words.I’d better do some reading before writing essay about it.The book titled “The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany “is an excellent book about Nazi Germany.The following page gives a rather good summary.I hope you could find it is helpful to you. [external link]

  5. RFERL-L says:

    Democracy, he was elected.

  6. pemmicanization says:

    There are sites you can look at for this information, but its overhelming. How Hitler became a Chancellor is based on this theory from politics and organazational theory, called Insparational power. What Hitler did is he articulated the insparational beliefs of people so that he would be seen as a hero or savier of the country. He was succsfull of this because the allies left him the ammunition to his speaches and propaganda( theoraticly speaking). Ammunition meaning that after ww1 ended all the allies rubbed the german noses and said that the entire war was your fault. Germany was left in dreadfull state of economy and psychological state.However there is so much more to this, Hitler sabotaged lots of events(Reichtag building) and pressured and even killed many people to get to his power.

  7. saggiest says:

    Everything you need to know: [external link] …

  8. rackway says:

    After the 1933 elections the Nazis became the largest political Party by vote, however they did not gain enough votes to win power outright. Nevertheless, the pressure to offer the Party’s leader a form of position in government was very high. But the problem was, Hitler refused to join a coalition government, which at the time was promoted by Gregor Strasser, but his enemies amongst the Nazi’s Leadership, chief amongst them being Joseph Goebbels, started to intrigue behind his back and to accuse him of trying to sabotage the Party’s drive for power. Matter’s came to a head when Kurt von Schleicher, (current Chancellor) seeking to put pressure on Hitler to join the cabinet, began separate negotiations with Strasser about a possible post in the government. Hitler, however was adamant that the Nazis should not join any government of which he was not the head. At a fraught meeting with Hitler, Strasser pleaded in vain for his point of view. Rebuffed once more, he resigned all his Party posts on 8 December in a fit of wounded pride.Hitler moved swiftly to prevent a Party split, firing known supporters of his former second-in-command and appealing in person to waverers. In a brief, whirlwind tour across the country, Hitler addressed group after group of Party functionaries and convinced them of the rightness of his position, by casting Strasser in the role of traitor, rather as Stalin was casting Trotsky in the role of traitor in the Soviet Union at around the same time. The danger of a split had been real; Hitler and Goebbels certainly took it extremely seriously. But it was based on tactical considerations, not on matters of principal. Hitler appointed himself Party Organization Leader and dismantled Strasser’s centralized structure of Party management just in case someone else should take it over. The crises in the Party had passed. Hitler and the leadership could breathe again.Some of Schleicher’s economic schemes, which included a possible nationalization of the steel industry and his repeal, carried out in December, also caused concern among elements in the business world whose interests Papen, Hindenburg and hugenburg was further alienated by Schleicher’s proposals for land reform in East Elbia, distributing bankrupt Junker estates to the peasantry. A coalition of conservative forces began to form around Hindenburg with the aim of getting rid of Schleicher, whose announcement that he favoured neither capitalism nor socialism they found extremely worrying. The conspirators ended up with the backing of two leaders from the ‘Steel Helmets’ being half a million strong. However, they were deeply divided whether or not to back the Nazis. In the end they did with Franz Seldte winning against his rival Theodor Duesterberg after it was discover that Theodor had Jewish ancestry. It was Seldte, therefor, who lent the Steel Helmets’ name to the conspiracy to oust Schleicher early in 1933. Frantic negotiations finally led to a plan to put Hitler in as Chancellor, with the majority of conservative cabinet colleagues to keep him in check. Schleicher did everything he could to stop that, he asked the President for wide-ranging, effectively extra constitutional powers to overcome the crises. When he went to Hindenburg with this request, the aged President and his entourage saw this as their chance to get rid of him and refused. After he was rebuffed, some expected Schleicher and the army to take matters into their own hands and seize the powers they wanted anyway. But Schleicher and the army only ever considered a putsch for the eventuality of Papen returning to the Reich Chancellery, and this was only because they thought that Papen’s appointment might well lead to civil war. It had previously been bought up at one stage of cabinet discussions that should in the event a civil war break out that the army would not be able to cope. Schleicher now saw a Hitler Chancellorship as a welcome solution, as far as the army was concerned. ‘If Hitler wants to establish a dictatorship in the Reich’, he said confidently, ‘then the army will be the dictatorship within a dictatorship,. Refused permission by the President to govern unconstitutionally, Schleicher had no option but to tender his resignation.. Negotiations had already been in progress for some time in the circle around Hindenburg with the view to appoint Hitler in his stead. Finally, at about half past eleven on the morning of 30 January 1933, Hitler was sworn in as Reich Chancellor. ………….To settle ‘old scores’, during the ‘Knight of the Long Knifes’ Strasser was arrested (June/July 1934) and taken to Police headquarters to be shot. General von Schleicher, Hitler’s predecessor as Reich Chancellor was paid a visit at his home by the SS. Opening to answer the door he was shot dead together with his wife standing behind him. Ernst Roem (Rohm) who helped Hitler get to power through his SA (Storm Troopers) was also executed after his arrest in his cell. Herman Goering had talked Hitler around from his indecisiveness to take that step.